Presentation of the school


Climate changes, desertification, continual growth of world population associated to the problems of modern agriculture may result or end into an international crisis regarding food availability, particularly of animal origin proteins. Hence, alternative research is now needed to overcome this crisis. In this context, some animal species well adapted to arid climates and harsh environment, such as camel, goat and some local sheep breeds, appear as rational alternatives to face the predicted global warming and desertification. The Hassan II Academy of Science and Technology and Hassan II Agronomy and Veterinary Medicine Institute (IAV Hassan II) pooled their efforts to organize this Summer School on Reproduction in dromedary and small ruminants with main focus on reproduction biotechnologies. The foreseen medium and long-term objectives are to improve basic knowledge leading to innovative agroeconomical applications. The purpose of this school is to provide an opportunity for Moroccan PhD students to acquire knowledge of the theoretical and technical advances in the field of reproduction of small ruminants and dromedary, and their applications in research. Students will have the opportunity to understand 1) the basic reproduction (structural, behavioral and physiological mechanisms) in these species and adaptation to arid biotopes; 2) how the reproduction biotechnologies are used and applied to these specific species and breeds.
Furthermore, the school will focus on several aspects of biotechnologies allowing veterinarians and breeders to enhance the poor performance of reproduction of these species. New data and recent findings in the field will be presented and discussed, especially neuroendocrine and hormonal regulations, induced ovulation, conservation techniques of semen and embryos, medical imaging particularly ultrasonography.
The school will be organized in two sessions, the first one (day one) will focus on the dromedary, and the second one (day two) on small ruminants. The school will include: presentations from high-level/outstanding international lecturers from Morocco, USA (United States of America), UAE (United Arab Emirates) and Tunisia; sessions devoted to research topics and work/projects of PhD students; interactive dialogue; a final round table for overall discussion; and closing remarks.
In addition to lecturers and experts, a group of 14 participants (DVM, PhD and post-doctoral students, including 2 from Senegal and 2 from Tunisia) is considered adequate for the school.
The students’ travel and accommodation costs will be covered by the organizers. The IAV Hassan II will offer the participants accommodation in its new center for post-graduate studies in Rabat